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Great sacrifice Pita Taufatofua! Malo 'aupito and many thank-yous for unselfishly "dying for the whole of Tonga," so that her refined all-embracing traditions (and 'Otu Ha'apai heritage) and those of the Olympian legacies of true athleticism and aestheticism for humanity in all may continue to live into the future behind people in the past, situated in front of them in the present. So, congratulations for both your genuine confidence and real courage!

Your passionate but proud and unreserved exhibition of the national, educational, religious and cultural colours kula / kulokula (red) and 'uli / 'uli'uli (black) of Tonga -- where hina / hinehina or tea / tetea (white) is merely a manifestation of kula (red) -- is well-received, mind-thrilling and heart-warming.

A few of our Tongan scholars -- who are actively engaged in critical inquiry and applied research across disciplines and forms of social activity in reality, including nature, mind and society -- have systematically yet critically shown the centrality of kula (red) and 'uli (black) in Tongan culture.

This is clearly seen mainly in the art genres tufunga (material) and nimamea'a (fine) arts -- where kula (red) and 'uli (black) are intersected or connected and separated in the creative process -- for example, tufunga lalava (material art of kafa-sennit-lashing) and nimamea''a koka'anga (fine art of bark-cloth-making).

Accordingly, kafa kula (red kafa-sennit) and kafa 'uli (black kafa-sennit) are used in tufunga lalava (material art of kafa sennit-lashing) and koka kula (red koka-dye) and tongo 'uli (black tongo-dye) in nimamea'a koka'anga (fine art of bark-cloth-making) and many more.

The same applies to the use of kili kula (red-pigmented-skin) and vaitohi 'uli (black-dyed-ink) in the tufunga tatatau (material art of tattooing) and fe'unu kula (reddish / brownish-leaf-strips) and fe'unu 'uli (blackish / darkish-leaf-strips) in the nimamea'a lalanga (fine art of weaving) amidst many others.

Herein, it becomes obvious that ivi (energy) is temporally-formally, spatially-substantially (functionally-practically) organised along kula (red) and 'uli (black) -- in the form of mata kula (red eyes) and, its mirror image, ava kula (red holes) -- in both Tongan conception and action.

The concept and practice peau kula (red waves) -- variously yet confusingly known as tidal waves, seismic sea-waves and tsunami --, is a case in point, signifying a movement, motion or transition of ivi (energy) from 'uli (black) to kula (red).

As for peau kula (red waves), it involves a movement, motion or transformation of ivi (energy) from the "inner" 'uli / 'uli'uli (blackness / darkness) of the oceans and volcanoes to their "outer" kula / kulokula (redness / lightness) surfaces, in the form of mata kula (red eyes) and, its symmetry, ava kula (red holes).

(In effect, the specified super movement, motion or transition of ivi [energy] through the mediums of matangi / havili [winds] and peau / ngalu [waves] -- collectively named as cyclone Gita -- can be reflectively but meaningfully analysed in this philosophical-theoretical yet functional-practical context).

By the way, the epistemological entities kula (red) and 'uli (black) and mata (eyes) and ava (holes) -- as are tangata (males) and fefine (females), la'a (sun) and mahina (moon), 'aho (day) and po (night) and mo'ui (life) and mate (death) amongst many others -- are merely extensions of ta (time) and va (space), on the abstract level, and fuo (form) and uho (content), on the concrete level, as both ontological identities.

Both these ontological and epistemological entities, identities or tendencies have been instrumental in the formulation of the newly-developed ta-va (time-space) philosophy / theory of reality -- where the indigenous Tongan (and Moana Oceania) knowledge (and skills) are utilised in the productive process -- in original, creative and innovative ways.